Growing from a small seed into an adult plant is a magical and truly creative process. A beautiful flower garden will be a decoration for any home. Seedlings of any plants should be taken care of in advance, taking into account the requirements for their correct sowing. Often, newcomers to this wonderful business can get confused in various conditions, without achieving the desired result.
There are a lot of indoor plants to grow from seeds. Below I have described those indoor plants that I myself have tried to grow from seeds. These are exactly the plants that can be grown even by a not very experienced florist.
Indoor Plants To Grow From Seed
Let’s try to figure out how houseplant seeds should be planted for proper cultivation.
The adenium plant is a striking representative of the family Apocynaceae. This succulent, with a sturdy trunk, can grow about 0.50 m at home.
grow adenium from seeds at home
Adenium flower seeds, similar to small straws, have a delicate brown color. They tend to grow rapidly, which will delight the most impatient home gardeners. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in warm water, activating the rapid development of a small sprout.
At home, substrates based on peat or coconut pile are perfect. For the best result, the mixture should consist not only of soil for succulents or universal soil, but also of baking powder, which can be taken as perlite, coarse river sand, crushed charcoal or even foam balls.
Before sowing, a layer of drainage from expanded clay, coal, foam balls or bricks should be laid out along the bottom, and then sprinkled with moderately moistened soil. Next comes the planting of seeds. You can choose between planting in a group in one container or using small pots for each seed.
Basic requirements for growing adenium from seeds:
- Sowing depth: from 5 to 10 mm, while the seeds should be at least 3 cm apart.
- Soil: turf, expanded clay of coarse fraction (3: 1)
- Air humidity: should be increased, especially during the period of active growth.
- Illumination: bright sunlight.
- Temperature range: during active growth – from 25 to 30 ° C, during dormancy – from 12 to 15 ° C.
- Watering: carried out only on completely dry soil.
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Plumeria is a tropical plant that amazes with its beauty and a pleasant aroma. In order to grow a plumeria plant from seeds at home, it is necessary not only to plant the seeds correctly, but also to provide proper care for the plant.
Plumeria is a fairly tall plant. In indoor conditions, it reaches a height of about 1.5-2 meters. This plant is more suitable for growing in conservatories and greenhouses.
plumeria grown from seeds
For planting, you should choose fully ripe large seeds, having previously soaked them in warm water for 3-4 hours or in a solution of any growth stimulator according to the instructions. We insert the dried plumeria seeds into the holes of the cotton pad with winglets upward, after which the disc should be placed in a saucer with warm water. The roots should appear within a week. But there are other ways as well. Plumeria can be grown in the same way as adenium, in a substrate of coconut, perlite and vermiculite.
Before planting, we prepare a loose and light substrate, which must be transferred to a container with drainage holes.
For plumeria, planting seeds can be done like this: in the center of the container in the soil we make a small depression, then you need to stick the seed upward with a lionfish. We press the soil around the seed, moisten and cover with plastic or glass.
Basic requirements for growing plumeria from seeds:
- Temperature: 23-25 ° C.
- Air: no drafts. Ventilate once a day for 15-20 minutes.
- Moisture: wet the substrate with a spray bottle as needed
- Soil: humus, sand, peat, vermiculite (2: 1: 1: 1)
- Sowing depth: 5 cm.
Do not rush to throw out the bones from this sweetness, because you can plant a date at home. It is quite possible to grow a domestic palm tree, but it is important to consider that it will not bear juicy fruits. The date is a huge palm tree, but it will feel good in the office, in the greenhouse, and at home.
grow dates from seeds
Dry the thoroughly cleaned and washed seeds in the air for 24 hours. Dried date seed is best prepared before further soaking in water: making cuts or scalding in boiling water.
When washed, they should lie down for 24 hours until the next stage – soaking.
As soon as the bones are sent to a container with water, it is necessary to monitor the water level and temperature: it is best to put the container on the battery and add water daily. When the bones are well swollen, they should be transplanted into the ground.
The tiny palm should be replanted every year, increasing the size of the pot each time. Delicate roots oblige to delicately transplant the plant – by transshipment method.
- Temperature: 24-26 ° C.
- Air: moderately humid, no drafts.
- Humidity: regular watering.
- Soil: clay-sod land, humus, peat, manure, sand (2: 2: 1: 1: 1).
- Sowing depth: 1-2 cm.
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It is not difficult to grow passionflower vine from seeds at home. Growing passionflower from seeds requires mandatory soil preparation. A soil mixture of peat, humus and leafy soil must be laid out on a pallet in an even layer and calcined in the oven for 10 minutes, then allowed to cool.
It is best to soak the seeds for a day with the addition of stimulants – this will help us speed up the germination process.
After all the preparatory procedures, we collect the necessary soil mixture into the container and embed the seeds into it by 0.5 cm. The germinated seeds are looked after according to the standard regime for passionflower. In the future, the seedlings can be planted in separate cups.
- Temperature: 28-35 ° C.
- Air: moderately humid, no drafts.
- Humidity: regular watering.
- Soil: peat; sand; humus; leafy ground (1: 1: 1: 1).
- Sowing depth: 0.5 cm.
Pelargonium is Indoor Plants To Grow From Seed
This perennial plant belongs to the geranium family. Even a beginner can grow a pelargonium plant from seeds at home, observing the basic requirements.
grow pelargonium from seeds
First of all, we select the best seeds. They should be large enough and oblong in shape. Since the seed coat is dense, the scarification procedure should be carried out: delicately remove the top layer of the seed coat.
To prepare suitable soil for planting, we combine high-quality peat, river sand, and sod land. The substrate should be calcined for 3 minutes to avoid contamination of the flower with various diseases.
The sprouts sprout incredibly quickly: after 3-4 days you can see the result. After the appearance of 3-4 leaves, we dive into separate pots.
- Soil: peat, river sand, sod land (1: 1: 2)
- Illumination: bright sunlight.
- Temperature conditions. 21-22 ° C.
- Watering: plentiful, regular.
- Sowing depth: 1 cm.
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Growing gloxinia from seeds is a noble occupation. Indoor gloxinia is a spectacular plant with velvety flowers and juicy green leaves.
grow gloxinia from seeds
Gloxinia seeds are small, granular. For proper germination, they do not need to be sprinkled with earth, but only carefully laid out on the ground.
To maintain the necessary moisture for sowing gloxinia, cover the container with glass or film. You can put a container with planted seeds in a transparent bag and place it under the phytolamp.
As soon as the gloxinia seedlings get a little stronger and several mature leaves appear, they can be transplanted from a homemade greenhouse into another container that is suitable in size for the root system of small sprouts.
When transplanting an already mature plant into pots, it is better to use an earthen mixture for flowering indoor plants. Add drainage to the bottom of the pot for best results.
- Soil: leafy and peaty soil, sphagnum, sand (1: 1: 1: 1).
- Illumination: Needs bright sunlight.
- Temperature range: 18-20 ° C.
- Watering: Watering regularly in the sump, avoiding getting water on the leaves and flowers.
- Climate: daily ventilation, moistening the soil surface from a spray bottle.
Streptocarpus is popular in home floriculture, losing in no way to its fellows – violets and Saintpaulias. A profusely flowering perennial streptocarpus from seeds can also be obtained at home.
Streptocarpus and gloxinia are from the same Gesnerevye family. The conditions for seed germination are similar.
grow streptocarpus from seeds
Plant seeds are sown directly on the surface of the prepared soil, which is moistened with a spray bottle. After planting, the seeds must be moistened with water and covered with polyethylene or glass of a suitable size, creating a greenhouse environment.
Sprouted leaves feel better in high humidity in the air, which can be provided as follows – put a cup of water on the battery. Experienced gardeners construct whole glass shelving, creating the necessary climate conditions for their “green pets”.
- Soil: peat, vermiculite, perlite, moist moss and leafy earth (3: 1: 1: 2: 2).
- Illumination: bright but diffused light. Protect from direct ultraviolet rays.
- Temperature range: in summer – in the range of 22-25C, in winter – 13-15C.
- Watering: moderate. Water should not come into contact with leaves and root collars.
- Climate: high humidity.
Fans of “home green thorns” sooner or later think that cacti from seeds at home is a great opportunity to diversify their collection. Theoretically, sowing cacti with seeds can be done at any time of the year: you just need to provide the seedlings with the right conditions.
grow a cactus from seeds
The seeds should be well ripe, but still fresh. They should be stored in a cool dry place; wet ones are not suitable for sowing. Self-prepared soil is best calcined in the oven before using it for 20 minutes.
Seeds of different types can be planted in one container while dividing the areas with plastic strips. By the way, in cramped conditions, cactus seeds feel great and grow well.
Pour drainage and soil into the dishes in an even layer, without tamping. It is necessary to delicately spread the cactus seeds on the soil and moisten: it is better to do this directly into a tray or spray from a spray bottle. After these manipulations, cover the sowing with glass and put it in a warm place.
- Soil: humus, coarse sand, thick charcoal (3: 2: 1)
- Illumination: artificial lighting or natural light without direct rays.
- Temperature range: 15 -40 C, better +25 C.
- Watering: moderate watering. Immersion in water with a landing tank ..
- Climate: high humidity.
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An evergreen bush with glossy succulent leaves is a lemon favorite. You can grow a lemon tree from a stone even at home.
Growing lemon from seeds
We select the largest seeds from a ripe lemon fruit. We plant them, without drying, in a previously prepared light, fertile soil. We slightly moisten the earth and put the bones in pots.
To create the best germination conditions for our plant, you can cover the crops with cut plastic bottles or polyethylene. In a warm, damp place, sprouts can appear in a couple of weeks.
- Soil: humus, leafy soil, peat and sand (2: 2: 1: 1)
- Illumination: bright place, but no direct UV rays.
- Temperature range: not less than 18C.
- Watering: moderate watering. By autumn, watering is minimal, and occasionally moisten the land lump.
- Sowing depth: 2 cm.
Fatsia from seeds at home with good care for a year and a half can reach a height of 1 m.
Growing Japanese Fatsia from seeds
Seeds are planted in February-March, and if there is artificial light, at any time. Experienced gardeners soak Fatsia seeds for 2 days in room temperature water with the addition of any stimulant. For sowing, a disinfected or calcined soil mixture of peat with sand, mixed in equal proportions, is used.
After soaking, the seedlings are laid out on the surface of the soil mixture and sprinkled with sand in a thin layer. The seeds will germinate within 3 weeks.
- Soil: peat and sand (1: 1).
- Illumination: bright, but diffused. The plant should be hidden from direct UV rays.
- Temperature range: in summer – 18-22 C, in winter – no higher than 15 C
- Watering: from spring to autumn – abundant watering, in autumn watering is minimal, in winter it is rarely watered.
- Sowing depth: 0.5 mm.
Abutilon is a green tree with maple-shaped green or variegated leaves. Indoor abutilon from seeds can germinate at any time of the year, but the easiest way is to grow domestic maple in spring.
grow abutilone from seeds at home
Abutilon seeds are soaked in a wet napkin (or on it) for 12 hours, after which the germinated seeds are sown into the prepared soil to a depth of 5 mm. The seedbox should be covered with foil.
Constant airing and moistening of the soil from a spray bottle is mandatory. It is necessary to ensure that the ground is always moist, otherwise domestic maples will not germinate. Usually, under good conditions, seedlings begin to delight home gardeners after 2 weeks.
After the appearance of a couple of real leaves, abutilone must be transplanted into pots. Cover the transplanted plants with foil. But in the future, the seedlings need to be gradually accustomed to sunlight, opening the film.
- Soil: fertile soil, sand and peat (1: 1: 1)
- Illumination: direct sunlight for 2-3 hours a day.
- Temperature range: 15-20 C
- Watering: moderate watering, humidification from a spray bottle.
- Sowing depth: 0.5 mm.
Unpretentious in care and balsam is a favorite of home growers who grow balsam from seeds at home.
grow balsam from seeds
Before sowing balsam seeds, it is best to soak in the essence of potassium permanganate for 10 minutes, then place the seed in a container of warm water for a day. Balsam crops are very demanding on the composition of the soil, which should be light with a pH of 6-7. It is best to use a self-prepared soil mixture.
Sowing container – a container or small pot that is at least 6 cm high. At the bottom of the container, it is necessary to make holes and spread expanded clay in an even layer.
After the crops are moistened with water, we place the container or pot in a transparent bag, filling it with air. A warm location and good, correct light are important requirements for successful plant growth. However, the seedlings should be hidden from direct UV rays. In addition, it is necessary to “give a breath” to the crops and remove the condensate accumulated during the time in the “greenhouse”.
After about 3 weeks, the first shoots usually appear.
- Soil: peat, leafy soil, vermiculite, river coarse sand (2: 1: 1: 1).
- Illumination: good lighting. Additional light with phytolamp for 2-3 hours.
- Temperature range: from +22 to +25 C.
- Watering: moisten the soil with a spray bottle. Avoid overdrying and waterlogging of the substrate.
- Sowing depth: 3-5 mm.
This indoor flower, which can be confused with pine needles from afar, is very popular. Asparagus can be easily grown from seed at home, keeping the indoor temperature relatively cool.
grow asparagus from seeds
The first step is to purchase a bag of asparagus seeds. In containers for seating, you need to pour pre-prepared soil, which should be pre-disinfected.
Spread the seeds gently directly on the soil surface, 3 cm apart, and sprinkle them with a thin layer of earth. You can cover the container with a film or a transparent bag, after sending it to the windowsill.
Crops should be aired daily by opening the containers with crops for 2-5 minutes. Moisten the asparagus as needed and make sure that the top layer of the substrate is always slightly damp.
The sprouts are born together in a couple of weeks. When they get a little stronger, you can accustom them to natural conditions. Once the plants are about 10 cm tall, they can be transplanted into suitable-sized pots.
- Soil: garden soil, peat and sand (2: 1: 1).
- Illumination: the light should be bright, but diffused.
- Temperature range: in summer – 22-24C, in winter maximum 18 C.
- Humidity: moderate, with occasional humidification from a spray bottle.
- Watering: moderate.
- Sowing depth: 1.5-2 cm.