Each houseplant is marked by nature, some of them are large leaved house plants or leafy indoor plants, others the beauty of the flower. Decorative foliage flowers are not very capricious, with the exception of certain types. How to care for such plants, what types they are divided into, is worth understanding in more detail.
What are decorative large leaved house plants?
This species includes a large group of flowers that grow all over the world. They can be recognized by their large leaves of various colors, sizes, and configurations.
Most often, representatives of the leafy indoor plants have a very bright flowering, but thanks to the abundant foliage, they are often used to decorate interiors. The main requirements for caring for such plants is to ensure the following conditions:
- temperature regime;
- fertilization mode;
If these conditions are met, then deciduous flowers delight with lush greenery for a long time.
non-flowering leafy indoor plants
Non-flowering leafy indoor plants are also numerous. The uniqueness of non-flowering plants is given by the variety of shapes and shades of leaves. Among such specimens, there are many unpretentious in care, but there are also those that need regular watering, top dressing, and additional lighting for growth.
The most popular are:
A tropical flower that grows well away from the sun. Of the basic rules of care, it is worth noting: moderate watering, temperatures from +12 to + 20 ° C and periodic spraying of the leaves. Known compact and large types of cheflers;
The bright representative of the Euphorbiaceae family is distinguished by bright leaves and sizes. Outwardly, Croton resembles a lush crown of a tree. At home, it blooms extremely rarely, but the incredible color of the leaves attracts with its beauty even those who are not involved in breeding home flowers. In some cases, indoor crotons reach three meters. For active growth, the plant must provide a temperature regime of +18 to 27 ° C, abundant watering and good lighting;
This flower can be seen in rooms for various purposes. This is due to the beauty of the leaves and easy maintenance. Cordilina reaches a height of 2.5 m, indoor specimens most often grow no more than a meter. The flower loves moderate watering and location from the north and east; Recommended for you Best Indoor Plants For Cold Weather.
For the shape of the leaves, sansevieria was named “mother-in-law’s tongue”. Today, many varieties are known that differ in color and leaf size. If the growing conditions are favorable, then the plant is actively growing. The flower is unpretentious, it needs moderate watering and organic feeding.
leafy indoor plants with flowering
Indoor flowers not only delight with their appearance, but also bring great benefits: they purify the air from heavy metals and collect dust. Copies with large leaves are in the collections of many gardeners. They are unpretentious and can decorate a winter garden or interior.
The following flowers are most popular:
It is the first on the list of the best large-leaved house plants. Due to the large size and unusual shape of the leaves, the monster decorates offices and public institutions, but flower growers often grow it at home. This flower is not recommended to be placed in places where there is a bright light. Abundant watering is recommended in summer, moderate watering in autumn and winter. Monstera loves “water treatments” such as spraying and polishing the leaves;
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This is a liana that has large, airy roots and glossy bright green foliage. Despite the dense leaves and strong trunk, the philodendron does not tolerate the lack of feeding and drafts. In summer, abundant watering is recommended;
The plant belongs to perennial herbaceous plants and belongs to the Pteris family, which includes more than thirty species. A distinctive feature of the maidenhair is a thin rhizome covered with brown scales. Prefers a shaded place, moderate watering (bottom), humidity up to 85%, feeding twice a month (from April to September) and temperatures up to +23 ° C in summer and +15 ° C in winter;
The flower is known as evergreen and can grow up to three meters when properly cared for. The surface of the leaves is dense, glossy, decorative fruits are dark blue. Fatskhedera grows well in semi-shady places, but they need abundant watering; See also Best Organic Fertilizer For Houseplants.
Despite the large leaves, this flower is known among gardeners as “indoor grapes”. The height of Tetrastigma Vuagnier reaches 4.5 meters and its development is influenced by the way the bush is formed and its garter. The plant requires a lot of space, so only owners of a winter garden or a large area of the premises grow it. “Indoor grapes” perfectly adapts to temperature extremes. In order for growth to be active, it is required to provide a regular supply of fresh air, a moist substrate, moderate feeding, frequent pruning, and a temperature of +18 to 27 ° C;
This plant is a representative of the Marantov family, which unites about 120 species. In natural conditions, they grow in South and Central America. The flower is picky about care – this should be taken into account. Loves shading, moderate watering, humidity about 90%, mineral fertilizing twice a month and irrigation. The temperature most favorable for growth is from +17 to 25 ° C in summer and + 15-17 ° C in winter;
This specimen belongs to the Aroid family. Flower growers are attracted by beautiful spotted multi-colored leaves, the color of the plant may vary. It depends on the species. With proper care, it quickly reaches a height of one meter. Since this is a tropical plant, it loves humidity, a lot of light and temperatures from +18 to 27 ° C.
leafy indoor plants and flowers care
Caring for leafy indoor plants is a troublesome but pleasant process. Indeed, their flowering and growth directly depend on how they will take care of it.
Proper care of large leaved house plants involves a number of measures: providing light, moisture, nutrients and trace elements, and heat. Some species require protection from drafts, additional lighting, moisture, etc. Check also Best silver leaf indoor plants For Home and Gardens.
There are rules for caring for flowers, knowing about which, you can provide comfortable conditions for their growth:
Many plants require an air temperature of +14 to 25 ° C. However, there are exceptions: some potted flowers prefer a maximum temperature of + 16 ° C in winter;
This procedure is important for many types of indoor flowers. With its help, the plant receives cooling and the necessary moisture. In addition, it is an excellent prevention of spider mites, aphids and other insects. For each type of plants, a spraying regime is provided, its observance is mandatory;
When providing lighting, care should be taken with its duration and intensity. Normal growth requires at least 12 hours of lighting. In terms of intensity, some deciduous plants require shading, others require bright sunlight;
In winter, in almost all living quarters, the air is dry, this is due to the heating season. Such conditions adversely affect the growth of indoor flowers. You can ensure the required level of humidity with a humidifier. If the air in the room is dry, in addition to humidifying it, it is necessary to conduct regular ventilation several times a day; Must check it out best large indoor plants for beginners.
Fertilizing the soil is an important process in plant care. It is enriched with phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, and other trace elements. Cacti are able to do without feeding for a long time, but decorative deciduous plants need fertilization of the soil. Useful trace elements are retained in the soil in the amount necessary for growth for two months. After which it is recommended to repeat the procedure. It is recommended to fertilize the soil during the flowering and active growth season – from March to October. During the dormant period, the substrate is fertilized once a month.
Today you can buy any house plants: flowering, non-flowering, ampelous, curly or small flowers. Not only an experienced florist, but also a beginner can choose a suitable copy.
Before purchasing leafy indoor plants or large leaved house plants, you should carefully study their characteristics, conditions of care, and only then bring it into the house. In this case, he will delight with flowering and a bright appearance.