Peperomia Ferreyrae is a succulent plant with unusual light green leaves. It is unpretentious in care, therefore it is suitable for novice florists. Also known as Happy Bean plant.
Peperomia grows slowly, takes up little space. The shape of the bush can be shaped by giving it the appearance of a bonsai tree. In this article, we will tell you about this interesting green inhabitant of window sills. We will give a botanical description, show many photos of this plant, and also tell you various interesting and important facts for the florist.
Is Peperomia Ferreyrae a succulent?
Peperomia ferreyrae (Happy Bean plant) belongs to the Pepper family. Florists also call her Lucky Beans. Refers to succulent epiphytes. In nature, peperomia can also be lithophyte, that is, it grows in crevices of rocks.
This plant has unusual leaves of a light green color, they seem to be folded in half and look like a young pea pod. This shape prevents moisture evaporation. Leaf veins are dark green. The stem of the peperomia Ferreyrae is erect, the leaves grow on it, forming a star when viewed from above. At home, it grows to a maximum of 30 cm in height. The length of the leaves reaches 7-8 cm.
peperomia Ferreyrae (Happy Bean plant) look like images
Below you can see a photo of the peperomia Ferreyrae plant:
peperomia Ferreyrae Care
peperomia Ferreyrae (Happy Bean plant) Care includes optimum temperature, watering scheme, how much light peperomia Ferreyrae need, feeding, pruning, etc. Let discuss in detail each caring step.
This is a heat-loving plant, so if it is cold in the house in winter, it can destroy the flower. In spring and summer, the optimum temperature will be + 20-25 ° С. The plant also tolerates intense heat well, but it is imperative that it be protected from direct sunlight and removed from the hot windowsill on the table during the daytime sun.
It can hibernate only in a warm room; it cannot be taken out into a cool corridor or onto a balcony. The air temperature can be slightly lower than in summer from +16 to 18 ° С. Also, peperomia must be protected from drafts, which are especially destructive for it in winter and autumn.
Attention! The temperature below + 16 ° С is critical, the plant will begin to die quickly.
Can Peperomia ferreyrae survive cold?
In spring and summer, when there is active growth, water often and abundantly. It is not necessary that the soil is 100% dry, but it is still important to make sure that it dries well before the next watering.
Watering can only be done with filtered soft water. It is pre-heated slightly so that it is a couple of degrees warmer than the air temperature in the room. This is especially important in winter. If there is no such water, you can use tap water that has been kept for at least a day and slightly warmed up. But still, excessively hard water is not recommended, it can lead to plant diseases.In autumn and winter, the frequency of watering is halved.
Peperomia tolerates drought better than excessive watering, which leads to rapid root decay and plant death. If leaves begin to fall off, this indicates insufficient watering.
Does Peperomia Ferreyrae need light?
This is a light-loving plant, it will feel best on the east or west window. In the south, there may be an excess of sunlight in summer, so it is recommended to create shade with a curtain or paper. In the summer, you can put it on the table, which is located near the window. In winter, especially in December with a short daylight hours, the plant needs to create an artificial backlight by placing a lamp half a meter away from it.
What kind of soil does Peperomia Frost need?
It should be nutritious, but loose and light. The best soil for peperromia is a mixture of sand, peat and humus in equal proportions. Heavy soil will block the access of oxygen to the roots, the plant will die from this.
What do you feed Peperomia?
If you plant a plant in soil with the above composition, it can do just fine without feeding. But if the soil is not nutritious, you need to fertilize with mineral mixtures. They can be bought in shops for florists, only special mixtures for the Pepper family are suitable. From March to the end of November, they feed them twice a month, observing the dosage indicated on the package. In winter, they are fed once a month.
Pots selection Peperomia Ferreyrae
Happy Bean plant or Ferreira’s peperomia has a small root system, so choose a small, shallow pot. In a plant that is too spacious and deep, it will be uncomfortable, it will lose its decorative properties. When transplanting, a new flowerpot is selected with a diameter of only 2-3 cm larger than the previous one.
Transplanting and repotting
Prepare a new pot and soil, at the bottom it is imperative to drain expanded clay.
Pepreromia from the old pot must be removed with a small clod of earth, the roots do not need to be completely shaken out.
Transfer to a new pot and cover with soil.
The base of the stem must not be buried; it must be left above the surface.
Drizzle a little.
Important! Young Peperomia Ferreyrae up to 3 years of age should be transplanted annually since it is in a phase of active growth. In the future, it is transplanted into a new pot with a complete replacement of the soil every two years. The best time to transplant is March or April.
Peperomia Ferreyrae Pruning
It is carried out only with garden shears.
From the top, gently pinch off the upper shoots.
You can trim the side shoots to form a compact bush shape.
Cut off any withered or damaged leaves.
Pruning is necessary so that the plant spends more energy on flowering and for the formation of a beautiful bush shape.
peperomia ferreyrae propagation
- Prepare the soil by mixing humus, peat and sand in equal proportions.
- Cut off a powerful lateral or upper shoot from peperomia, on which there is at least one node.
- Place it in water to release the roots.
- After that, plant in a pot.
- The room temperature must be at least + 20 ° С.
- The cutting must be watered in a timely manner so that the earth does not dry out.
- It will take root in a month.
- Prepare a mixture of sand and leafy earth in equal proportions.
- The best time for sowing is March or April.
- The seeds are sown in moist soil and covered with foil or glass.
- At least twice a week, open the pot for ventilation and spray the soil with filtered water at room temperature.
- Seedlings are transplanted into another pot, when they have two leaves, at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.
- The box with seedlings should be located in a room with a temperature not lower than + 20 ° C.
- When the seedlings grow up, they are seated in separate pots with a diameter of 6-7 cm.
By dividing the bush
- If the peperomia has grown too much, it can be removed from the pot with the root; it is not necessary to clean it too thoroughly from the soil.
- The bush is divided into 2-3 parts by hand, the knife cannot be used.
- The bushes are planted in separate flowerpots in soil suitable for adult peperomias and watered.
peperomia Ferreyrae Bloom
The peperomia Ferreyrae plant blooms in summer.
The flowering looks very unusual and differs from the peperomia flowers of other species.
Peduncles appear at the tips of peperomia branches.
From each peduncle of the peperomia Ferreyrae, small graceful inflorescences-cobs branch out, the thickness of which is approximately 1.5 – 2 millimeters.
peperomia Ferreyrae Diseases and pests
- Foliage falls – hypothermia or lack of watering.
- Brown heels on the leaves – hypothermia or drafts.
- Leaves rot, turn black – excessive watering.
- On the ferreira pereromia, ticks, mealybugs, scale insects and nematodes can parasitize. They are fought with the help of fungicides, then transplanted into new soil, previously calcined in the oven for an hour.
Alternative plants to peperomia Ferreyrae
- Crassula is purslane.
Peperomia Ferreyrae is an excellent houseplant for a small apartment, it does not take up much space, it is unpretentious. If you follow all the rules of simple care, it will delight you with beauty and create coziness.