Every florist at least once in his life tried to grow bulbous indoor flower plants. They are distinguished by amazingly beautiful flowers, a peculiar life cycle, and a beautiful plant shape. The stem is a bulb that sits underground and, after flowering, stores nutrients for the next growing season. As a rule, they are unpretentious, in most cases, they drop their ground part for a dormant period and quickly wake up with the onset of favorable conditions.
Bulbous Indoor flower Plantsus houseplants: features of life cycle
The life cycle of plants of this group is built according to a special algorithm for each species. Based on the climatic conditions of the growing places, for them, the main periods are dormancy and vegetation. In the natural conditions of Africa, South America, the Caucasus, the Mediterranean, short periods of rainy weather give way to hot dry summers.
After awakening, bulbous indoor flowers very quickly build up the ground part, throw out a peduncle, and bloom. Despite the fact that in the conditions of apartments and houses, the temperature is always relatively the same, the plants adhere to their regime. To ensure vigorous flowering and proper development of your pets, you must carefully follow all recommendations for caring for them and create a climate as close as possible to the conditions of natural growth.
Planting and care
If nothing else is indicated in the description, then a clay container with thick walls is chosen for planting bulbous indoor flowers. The width of the pot must be sufficient so that there is at least 2 cm between its walls and the plant. There must be a hole at the bottom to drain excess moisture. This will prevent the development of rot. The temperature for all bulbs during the growth and flowering period is 25 ° C.
During the transition to the sleep phase, the plant is transferred to a cool room, where it is constantly maintained at 10-12 ° C. Most often, at this time, they are removed to a cellar or other cool room. This phase requires minimal or no watering. The appearance of a peduncle indicates the beginning of the growing season.
For feeding, fertilizer is chosen for flowering indoor plants, which is added in accordance with the instructions on the package. More lush flowering will be if the amount of nitrogen in the composition is minimized. For example, fertilizer Bona Forte, Agricola or Fertika-lux. Watered only with warm water or separated for at least a day.
Diseases and pests of bulbous indoor flowers
Bulbous indoor flowers rarely get sick with proper care. However, if signs of illness appear, emergency measures should be taken. Any kind of rot can be cured if the problem is noticed in a timely manner. First of all, the bulb is removed, cleaned of diseased parts. A week is kept in the air and then treated with a fungicide. You can take a solution of copper sulfate or potassium permanganate. The working solution is prepared according to the instructions. When planting in the ground, add the biological fungicide Alerin, Gamair, Trichoderma Veride, in the form of a solution or powder (so as not to over moisten the soil). Until complete recovery, the affected bulb is planted on the ground, not allowing even half to deepen.
Pesticides will allow you to quickly and effectively get rid of aphids, spider mites, scale insects, worms. It is imperative to carry out repeated treatments because the drug acts only on adult pests. 7-10 days after the new generation of the pest emerges from the eggs, more processing needs to be done. I usually do 3 treatments at intervals of 7-10 days. The preparation of the spray solution is described on the packaging of the preparations.
Bulbous Indoor flower Plants Varieties
There are a huge number of perennial species of these plants. However, only a small part is grown in the conditions of apartments and houses. Most of them belong to the Amaryllis family. The main pets are species that do not require an annual transplant, humidify the air and bloom beautifully. Bulbous houseplants require a little more attention than other plants.
Zephyranthes or Upstart
The flowers resemble crocus in appearance and are located one by one on the peduncle. Their color is pink, yellow or white. Leaves are thin, narrow, belt-like. The plant acquires a decorative appearance during the flowering period. Prefers draft-free sunny windowsills. The bulb rarely exceeds 4 cm in diameter. To enhance the attractiveness, place several copies in one container.
Zephyranthes blooms at any time of the year under favorable conditions (good lighting, soil moisture, temperature).In the active phase, the substrate is kept in a constantly moist state without drying out the soil, and the temperature is maintained within 26 ° C. With the onset of dormancy, it is taken out to a cool room, where + 10 ° C is maintained, and the soil is moistened every 4-6 weeks. They feed on March to September 2-3 times a month. When transplanting, add phosphorus fertilizer.
Features of Zephyranthes:
- practically not susceptible to pest attacks;
- there are varieties with a combined color of flowers;
- prefers a wide and not very deep pot.
Zephyranthes propagates by daughter bulbs or seeds (I managed to grow it with seeds once, from 5 seeds 2 sprouted). It responds well to the annual transplant, which is recommended in early spring. For the mixture, take sand, humus and sod in equal proportions. It is imperative to make drainage so that excess liquid does not stagnate at the roots, as this can provoke the occurrence of rot.
Among the rest of the bulbous family, hymenokallis stands out for its unusual flowers. They look like a spider or a white star, each of the six rays of which tends in different directions and sometimes reaches 20 cm. Each inflorescence contains from 5 to 15 fragrant flowers. Anthers are oval, yellow. Flowering ends with the formation of fruits with large seeds.
The bulb is medium in size and rarely more than 10 cm. The peduncle is flattened, 70 cm long. The leaves are glossy, with a sharp tip, located alternately in the same plane, long. Flowering lasts from July to October and can be repeated every six months. From time to time it is necessary to rinse the leaves under the shower to remove dust.
- loves bright light very much;
- absolutely neutral to air humidity;
- prefers slightly acidic soil pH 5.0-6.0.
Care is changed almost immediately by the wilting field of the peduncles. Then it is practically not watered, and the temperature is reduced to 12 ° C. With the onset of the growing season, it is again increased to 25 ° C. Fertilizers are applied weekly during the growing season. The most difficult thing is with watering. Under natural conditions, it grows in wetlands. Determine the lack of moisture by withered leaves. This will help you navigate and create an individual schedule for him.
Hymenokallis needs a large pot.To prepare the substrate, mix the same amount of peat, leaf and humus soil. Drainage is laid out on the bottom, 3 cm high. The bulb is placed in the ground by 2/3. Transplanted every 5 years. The flower is propagated by daughter bulbs or seeds. Rarely affected by pests. They suffer from bulb rot with excessive watering.
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A unique long-liver that amazes with its abundant and bright flowering is clivia. Its long, dark green leaves are collected in a rosette, and there is a large inflorescence on the peduncle arrow. It consists of 15-20 orange-red or yellow flowers, bell-shaped. For one flowering, the plant throws out several arrows. Another feature is the massive and succulent root system. She is very unpretentious. The optimal location is on the eastern or western windowsills. She reacts negatively to transplanting, loosening, pruning of leaves, so this should be done when she no longer fits in the pots.
Recommendations for beginners:
- when it is not possible to move to a cool place, it is recommended to reduce watering;
the pale color of the leaves indicates a lack of fertilizers;
- lack of light or moisture can delay the onset of flowering;
- the appearance of reddish or white dots indicates sunburn.
From mid-autumn, the temperature is reduced to 14 ° C, and watering is reduced to once every 4 weeks. As soon as the first peduncle appears, it is moved to a permanent place and normal care is resumed. Topdressing is carried out from January, adhering to an interval of 1-2 weeks, depending on the recommendations of the fertilizer manufacturer.
It is important to organize the temperature regime without sudden changes and prevent drafts.
It is most often affected by the scabbard or mealybug.
When translated from Greek, the name sounds like “bloody flower”. It is also called an elephant’s ear or deer tongue. Despite the fact that growers often grow specimens with white color, the name remains unchanged. He is loved for his decorative appearance, which does not change depending on the phase of growth. Varieties with red flowers dry the upper part for the winter.
The bulbs are poisonous, pear-shaped, sometimes slightly flattened on the sides. The diameter does not exceed 12 cm. Each bulb forms three pairs of symmetrical leaves. Their length reaches 20-22 cm. They are wide, slightly pubescent, rounded along the edge. The arrow consists of a huge number of stamens, which are grouped into a ball. There are four bracts, and they are the same color as the stamens.
Flowering begins in July and lasts until September.
Sometimes a not very pleasant aroma of nectar becomes noticeable. When pollinated, a small amount of red berries may form. The transplant is carried out in early March, while the bulb is left 1/3 above the ground.
Features of Hemantus:
- does not shed leaves for the winter;
- has a negative attitude towards frequent transplants;
- poorly tolerates organics;
- apply mineral fertilizers once every 2 weeks;
- likes wide pots
- grows in groups of several.
For proper photosynthesis, the western or eastern part of the apartment is suitable. Water in the summer as the soil dries out, in winter they stop for 8 weeks. It reproduces by numerous children. Most often, the plant suffers from root rot. Of the pests, ticks are most often attacked.
Translated from Greek, its name means “graceful”. Neat spherical bulbs 6 cm in diameter. The leaves are covered with small wrinkles. The appearance of a long peduncle indicates the beginning of the growing season. Sometimes its height is 80-90 cm. Each inflorescence consists of 8-10 buds. The flowers have a crown and resemble daffodils. The fruit looks like a three-chambered capsule. Bulbous houseplants with such inflorescences attract a lot of attention.
- blooms twice a year;
- unlike other bulbs, it can survive a state of dormancy at 18 ° C;
- does not shed foliage;
- loves a warm shower and high humidity, therefore, requires regular spraying;
- short rest, manifested in the form of a slowdown in growth for a month.
Full development is ensured by regular watering, diffused bright light.
Topdressing is carried out 2 times a month, in accordance with the basic rules for caring for bulbs. The transplant is rarely carried out. The capacity is selected wide and voluminous. The bulb is immersed to a depth of 5 cm. Propagated by bulbs. Prone to rot and the appearance of scale insects, thrips, spider mites.
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The bulbous houseplant is externally similar to the hippeastrum. It is distinguished by narrow and long leaves, dark green in color. The bulb is elongated, narrow. The peduncle reaches 50 cm and contains up to 12 large funnel-shaped flowers. The plant has a pronounced dormant period that begins in mid-summer and ends in October.
- prefers bright lighting during the growing season;
- loves darkness and coldness in the sleep phase;
- too wide a container inhibits flowering.
Amaryllis blooms from February to March (the flowering period depends on the variety).
Transplanting is required annually, while it is important to place the bulb in the ground only halfway. There was a couple of centimeters between the sides of the pot and the edges of the bulb. A mixture of turf, humus, and sand is suitable as a substrate. The care is standard. Propagated by seeds and children. Resistant to diseases and pests.
The flower has rather long leaves and peduncle (60-80 cm), but a small bulb. Its diameter barely reaches 5-8 cm. The bottom has roots collected in a bunch. The leaves are green, grooved, up to 4 cm wide. The inflorescence is up to 25 cm long and consists of 6 flowers. The color of flowers can be pink, red, white, orange. The size of the flower reaches 15 cm. The duration of flowering is 10 days, after which a box with small seeds is formed.
- seeds have 100% germination;
- likes a lot of bright diffused light;
- does not tolerate dusty leaves, therefore, requires cleansing in the soul;
- in the summer, you can dig it in the garden along with the pot;
- not picky about humidity.
Flowering begins in August and lasts a month. The plant is taken care of in accordance with standard bulb care rules. The flower does not like transplanting, so it is overloaded and new soil is added. The procedure is carried out before the onset of rest. The substrate is purchased in a store or made up independently from fertile soil, humus and sand, taken in equal parts. The pot is chosen no more than 2 cm wider than the bulb. The drainage layer is 2 cm.
The bulb should be 1/3 above the soil level. Propagated by dividing bulbs, seeds. Peace begins in October and lasts for two months. At this time, he drops the leaves and is stored in the cellar. The plant can get sick with red rot, peronosporosis. Of the pests, there are aphids, scale insects, spider mites.
The flowers of the plant are painted in white and green shades. They are graceful, with slightly curled petals. The bulb has creamy, thin scales. It is placed on the surface of the soil and gradually takes on a round shape. The leaves are thin, long, and have rounded edges. The arrow is rapidly stretched in height and then covered with a large number of small inflorescences.
Features of Indian bow:
- very unpretentious plant;
- when grown outdoors, its roots go deeper into the soil by a meter;
- loves the transplanting process;
- disinfects the room;
- does not like excessive watering;
- requires regular spraying;
- prefers mineral fertilizers.
The optimal level of lighting on the west and east windows.
When transplanting, they are planted in a light, loose mixture, which can be purchased at a specialized store. The size of the pot should be a couple of centimeters larger than the previous one. During the rest, it is watered 2-3 times. Bulbous houseplants Indian onions are propagated most often by separating small bulbs.
Onions are used for medicinal purposes, as a wound healing, antimicrobial agent. It also helps to relieve pain. It is used for acute respiratory infections, joint inflammation, bruises. It is important not to forget that the juice is poisonous and getting on the mucous membranes and inside the body causes poisoning.
We can say that flowering bulbous indoor plants are a wonderful decoration for a home. They can decorate not only a home but also an open space. They are not considered too whimsical. To succeed, the florist must follow general care recommendations, and they will delight with their gorgeous flowering for many years.
Bulbous plants are impressive in their variety of shapes and colors. They bloom for a long time and continuously throughout the season, perfectly adapt to adverse conditions and easily germinate again, even if they have dropped their leaves. In this catalog, we have collected the most beautiful bulbous indoor flowers with photos, names and descriptions!
Spring classics are among the first to blossom in the apartment. After flowering, you need to cut the stem to the very ground and remove the flower until next season in a cool, dark place.
Long, ornate stems grow from a large bulb, which can easily hang from a flowerpot. Bovea is succulent, so it is not only unusual but also extremely unpretentious. At low temperatures in winter, the stems may die off, but will grow back in the spring.
This luxurious decorative flower is also called the “lily of the Aztecs”, and according to the legend, the peoples of Mexico used it in rituals. The red velvety petals slightly resemble orchids. Sprekelia needs annual soil renewal.
Zantedeschia is a calla with a tall, straight peduncle and a delicate flower. The bush grows rather quickly and intensively, and in some cases the leaves can grow up to a meter. Zantedeskia does not tolerate temperature fluctuations well.
A beautiful plant with rather large flowers blooms in late summer. Valotta loves bright light, prefers a cool wintering at 12-15 degrees and does not tolerate drafts.
Decorative leafy rosettes are very different, depending on the variety, but the leaf plates are always long, lily-like. Dozens of small bells bloom on a powerful high peduncle. Ledeburia needs a lot of light.
This is a bizarre hybrid of amaryllis and krinum, which breeders have bred specifically for apartments. It has dense and tough leaves with delicate pink flowers. The height of the peduncles reaches a meter.
The people also call it “sour.” Oxalis looks very specific, but at the same time it is not whimsical at all in everyday life and willingly blooms from the beginning of summer to winter.
One of the most unusual plants in our selection belongs to the bulbous asparagus. A powerful arrow grows among the bright glossy leaves, which is then densely covered with striped creamy purple flowers. Blooming eukomis is a bit like a pineapple.
See also Plants for very small pots.
Drimiopsis bulbs resemble garden lilies, the leaves look like lilies of the valley, and the small white-green flowers look like stars. Drimiopsis is one of the most persistent indoor plants, so it is suitable even for beginners.
Zephyranthes resemble a tall thin grass, among which the same tall peduncles rapidly sprout. The buds can be white, pink or yellow. Active flowering requires warmth and soft diffused light.
Bright openwork inflorescences look like large dandelion heads. With a sufficient amount of light, fresh air and moisture, their diameter can reach 20 cm. In summer, it is better to take the scadoxus outside or on a balcony.
The Peruvian lily blooms in late spring, with a long peduncle growing before the leaves. Eucrosion needs loose soil, bright light and cool wintering.
This bulbous plant boasts long, flat leaves and equally intricately curled petals. Krinum loves bright light and does not need shading at all, even on southern windows.
The original inflorescences are reminiscent of small pink fireworks that bloom in early December. Weltheimia is a rare indoor flower that feels great on a glassed-in balcony in winter. Even better than the room!
A capricious flower needs a cool dormant period, good lighting and a change in temperature throughout the day. But for the beautiful red flowers, collected in inflorescences on long peduncles, all whims are forgiven him.
Graceful openwork flowers are collected in delicate umbrella-shaped inflorescences. Nerina blooms in the first half of autumn, and then hibernates at 7-10 degrees. The flower should not be watered too vigorously so that the bulb does not rot.
A tropical guest needs bright light, regular watering, and a stable temperature. Different varieties differ in color, but most often it is a white-violet range.