Under natural conditions, blueberries grow in coniferous and mixed forests. This is the best environment for shrub development. For many years, growing berries in a garden were considered too laborious, costly, and not promising. However, gardeners have recently revised their position on this issue. and you blueberry plants grow in containers are also easy to do as indoor plants.
can blueberry plants grow in containers at Home
Despite the seeming unpretentiousness, the plant requires special conditions for growing. The process at the initial stage is somewhat laborious, however, after the bushes take root, caring for them becomes much easier.
To grow blueberries at home, she should provide:
- suitable acidity and soil structure;
- acceptable landing site;
- proper care.
Reference! The conditions for growing home blueberries should be the same as for wild blueberries.
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Useful properties of berries
Berries contain a huge amount of biologically active substances and vitamins. The main advantage is the antioxidants they contain. These substances, acting on the body at the cellular level, slow down the aging process, reduce the risk of developing oncology, and improve vision.
In addition, the berry is an excellent natural antiseptic and antibiotic, it successfully fights inflammatory processes in the body and minimizes the effect of pathogenic microflora. Pectins contained in blueberries cleanse the gastrointestinal tract from salts, metals, remove unnecessary deposits. Many useful substances are also found in other berries and fruits, but blueberries remain the leader in terms of beneficial effects on the body.
- organic acids;
- pantothenic acid;
- vitamins A, C, B1, B6, PP.
Reference! Blueberries are used to improve vision and skin condition, as well as general rejuvenation of the body.
With the help of fruits and leaves, berries are treated:
- stomach diseases;
- inflammatory processes in the throat;
- genitourinary system;
- constipation and diarrhea.
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Ways to grow blueberry plants
Before planting, it is necessary to prepare the soil for the plant in advance. For blueberries, soil with high acidity in a shaded area is suitable. The shrub thrives under large trees with a dense spreading crown.
A new plant is obtained in three ways:
- from seeds;
- dividing an adult bush;
- a seedling obtained from a cuttings.
Growing an adult plant from seed is pretty easy. You must first collect seeds from ripe berries.
How to do it correctly:
- crush the berries;
- pour cool water;
- leave for 1-1.5 hours;
- drain the water along with empty seeds and pulp;
- repeat the procedure 3-4 times;
- Put the prepared seeds on a napkin or paper to dry.
The bed on which the seeds are planted is covered with foil in the spring. In this way, constant soil moisture is maintained. After the first shoots appear, the film can be removed, but continue to control the moisture level, preventing the soil from drying out.
In the first year, blueberries grow very slowly. In the autumn, the grown seedlings are transferred to a permanent place and covered with spruce branches to protect them from frost. Only young annuals need to be covered. In subsequent winters, this can be avoided.
Reference! If the seeds were collected from fresh berries, it is better to sow them in the ground in late autumn after the first frost. Frozen berry seeds can be planted in spring.
From a seedling
Seedlings can be purchased from specialized gardeners or grown independently from cuttings.
To get a sapling from a cutting, you need to do the following:
- cut 4 cm cuttings from the lignified shoot;
- remove the lower leaves;
- process the slices with a rooting stimulator;
- prepare the soil for planting;
- deepen the cuttings;
- cover with foil;
- spray regularly.
Ready rooted seedlings are transferred to a permanent place, placing them in such a way that the bushes are at a distance of at least one meter from each other. Water the blueberries twice a week. It is also important to periodically mulch the soil and remove weeds.
Take a look at Growing Cucumbers In Pots Indoors.
How to grow can blueberry plants in containers?
Nowadays, growing berries in an apartment is becoming more and more popular. Blueberries can be classified as plants that can be grown on a windowsill. To do this, you just need to choose the right varieties and provide them with optimal comfortable conditions.
Individual specimens of this plant reach 1.5 meters. Such varieties are not suitable for growing in an apartment, although they have a high yield.
For home breeding, it is better to choose small bushes of the following varieties:
- Top hut;
- Sunshine Blue;
- Black Pearl.
Reference! These varieties are rarely taller than 90 cm.
Choosing the right pot for blueberry
Blueberries are ideal for container growing.
This home breeding allows the plant to:
- optimal soil acidity;
- necessary care;
- the desired humidity.
For cultivation, you can take a pot with a diameter of 50-60 cm. The best option would be clay or wooden containers equipped with drainage holes to remove excess moisture.
Blueberries can only grow and bear fruit in acidic soils.
When buying ready-made soil, it is better to give preference to varieties intended for:
Reference! The ideal soil pH balance is 4.5-5.5. If necessary, the soil can be acidified independently with an aqueous solution of citric acid.
When planting blueberries, you can use pre-purchased plants or seeds. If you breed blueberries from seeds, the first harvest can be expected no earlier than 3-5 years.
For a correct fit, you must:
- put a layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot;
- fill the pot with prepared soil by 2/3;
- lay mulch on top;
- place the seed in the ground;
- compact the earth;
- water abundantly.
Reference! When watering the plant, you need to ensure that water does not flow out of the drainage holes of the pot.
After rooting, the bush no longer requires special attention. To get a full harvest on the windowsill, you need to plant several plants of different varieties. This will ensure pollination even in the absence of insects.
Next, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- daylight hours for a plant should last at least 6 hours;
- watering is carried out every 3-4 days;
- the temperature is maintained – 18-22 degrees;
- fertilizer is applied 2 times a year.
Reference! The plant must be protected from direct sunlight.
Ready Made blueberry Growing kits
Nowadays, ready-made blueberry growing kits are gaining popularity. These are small containers containing perfectly matched soil and seeds. Such kits make it possible to grow berries even for people far from gardening. This method does not require special knowledge, and the kit is completely ready for use.
Blueberry Growing kits advantages:
- allows you to get 3-5 kg of blueberries from one set;
- the plant is resistant to any disease;
- does not require additional fertilization;
- the crop does not contain chemicals and other harmful components;
- if necessary, the plant can be planted in street beds.
Blueberries can be grown at home. But for this, you need to follow the rules of planting and subsequent care of the berry.