Any indoor plant in the course of its life needs a transplant in order to replace the soil with a fresh one, and the container with a larger one.
So that a beautiful violet does not die during reproduction or transplantation, you need to familiarize yourself with the main points of transplanting a plant.
This will increase the chance for the violet to survive for the novice grower.
Transplanting African Violets at Home
The best time to transplant a plant at home is the end of February early March. This is the time when daylight hours are lengthening, the sun’s rays warm the earth.
Spring is the optimal time for transplanting.
The main point here is that the central heating batteries work well in the room since the temperature during the reproduction of violets should be in the range of 23-26 degrees Celsius.
IMPORTANT! It is necessary to do all the work on transplanting the plant before the onset of heat.
Methods For Transplanting African Violets
When we transplant violets correctly, we first determine the method, of which there are two:
Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages:
- the transshipment is carried out by those flower growers who are confident in the soil and the condition of the roots. Because the transshipment is carried out carefully, without destroying a clod of earth;
- transplanting is when the root system is completely cleared of soil, after which it is examined for damage and pests, and only then they begin to plant the plant in a new container.
When to Transplant African Violets?
The frequency depends on the condition of the plant. Usually, young rosettes are replanted annually in the spring. Bushes over 3-4 years old – as needed.
Usually, they are already transplanted only for the purpose of rejuvenating the old bush since over time it becomes very bare.
See the detailed guide on When To Transplant African Violets?
Over time, when the plant becomes old, its trunk stretches out and a large rosette grows on the trunk, bare from the foliage, in the upper part.
Such a violet needs rejuvenation.
Therefore, we proceed to rejuvenation:
- We extract the plant from the ground;
- Shake off the soil;
- Cut the trunk with the root system by 1/3 from the bottom;
- We process the cut with wood ash and plant the plant in the same container, but with new soil.
IMPORTANT! The first watering will need to be done two days later to avoid the decay of the root system.
When propagated African Violets by leaves
There is an easy way to propagate a flower:
- To do this, take a leaf from the middle of the bush . In this case, the bush must be more than 1.5 years old so that it has well-developed leaves;
- If the stalk under the leaf is too long, it is shortened to 6-7 cm and cut at an acute angle;
- Then they take a small container, 200 gr is enough . volume and fill in nutritious soil;
- In the center, a recess is made with a pencil and a handle is placed in it, slightly squeezing the soil around the handle with your fingers;
- There is no need to water on the first day , as the soil is moist enough;
- In order for the stalk to take root well, it needs to organize a microclimate and therefore it is covered with a glass jar.
Do you want to know about How Often Do You Water An African Violet?
Transplanting African Violets During flowering
Transplanting violets at home during flowering is undesirable. But if such a need arose, then it is better to cut the flowers with scissors so that the rosette does not waste its energy on flowering while adapting to a new place.
A transplant during flowering is carried out in the usual way:
- Choose a container according to the size of the root system and with drainage holes;
- Expanded clay is poured in a 2 cm layer;
- The necessary soil is poured into 1/3 of the volume of the container;
- Place the flower in the center and pour in the substrate to fill the distance between the walls of the pot and the root system.
Repotting during flowering is undesirable, but possible.
transplanting african violet babies
Violet babies are planted from the leaf at the moment when the length of the leaves of the rosettes is 6-7 cm:
- To do this, an incision is made with a knife between the handle and the young rosette and it is removed from the soil and transplanted into a separate container with a volume of 100 g or more;
- At the same time, it is also covered with a jar for a couple of weeks, creating a greenhouse microclimate;
- The grown baby starter is transplanted, then, as necessary, the pot is increased.
Violet babies are also transplanted in early March before the onset of a high temperature, which reduces the survival rate in a new place due to the high evaporation of moisture from the surface of the leaves.
But now many florists have specially equipped greenhouses with lighting, so transplantation and reproduction can be carried out in them when it is convenient for the florist all year round.
When using such greenhouses, transplanting can be done all year round.
It is believed that planting violets on the growing moon is more successful. But experienced florists have a different opinion.
It is necessary to observe the parameters for temperature and lighting – these are the important factors that affect the survival of the outlet in a new place.
After the purchase
If the flower was purchased from a private collection, then very often a transplant is not required, but shop flowers sold in transport peat require a mandatory transplant with a complete replacement of the soil.
IMPORTANT! In this case, it is necessary to play it safe and plant a couple of leaves for reproduction, since often Dutch specimens can die with a complete replacement of the soil.
In the spring
Actually, if there is a place in the room with a constant temperature in the range of 23-26 degrees Celsius and good lighting, then the transplant can be carried out all year round.
But in our apartments, there are no greenhouse conditions, and therefore the best time is considered the beginning of March to mid-May until the hot summer came.
The most important problem is that inexperienced grower immediately water and then there is a high probability that the outlet will die, as its root mass begins to rot.
Therefore, the main point in transplanting a plant is to let the wounds on the roots dry and only after that carry out the first watering.
After the transplant, the outlet is placed for a couple of weeks in partial shade and is not disturbed. Fertilizer does not need to be applied, since it is already in the composition in the purchased soil. After two days, the first careful watering is carried out, not flooding the outlet too much.
In the future, care is organized in the usual way, like for the rest of the bushes.
During the transplantation of violets, microcracks appear on the root system. If watering is carried out immediately after transplanting, then after 6-8 hours the leaves will droop and this indicates that rotting places have formed on the root system.
After transplanting, the violet cannot be watered immediately, otherwise, the leaves may wilt.
If the damage is minor, then incomplete covering with the package can correct the situation. In case of large losses of roots, the socket will have to be re-rooted.
In which pot to transplant the violet for the flower itself does not matter – the container can be purchased in plastic or clay.
But plastic containers are usually more choice in stores and prices are more realistic for the bulk of flower growers. The main thing here is the drainage holes and the size that should correspond to the root mass.IMPORTANT! That is, for an adult violet, the largest pot should be a liter, but for mini varieties, smaller sizes are also taken.
transplant a violet with buds
In the question of whether it is possible to transplant a violet with buds, the same rules work as when transplanting a blooming violet. For some, the procedure is successful, for others, it is not.
It all depends on external factors that are available to the grower:
- room temperature;
- the health of the bush itself, or rather its life potential.
To make the violet look beautiful in its new container, it can be decorated with various decorative elements :
- beautiful wrapping paper;
Everything will depend on the imagination of the grower and the funds that he can allocate for the design of the pot.
The glass can be hidden in a beautiful pot.
Making a cup of a transplanted violet should not distract you from the thought that you cannot block the drainage holes of the container.
When grown on a wick
Transplanting violets on the wick begins only when the trunk of the plant is very bare:
- We remove the flower, put it on its side and cut off the lower part of the roots by about 1/3;
- We remove a little soil from the sides and the top layer of earth with deposited salt;
- While the violet dries a little in the same pot, put a little sphagnum moss on the bottom and put a new wick on it with a ring;
- We add a little new soil and put a flower on it;
- Fill the remaining space between the walls of the pot and the roots with soil.
IMPORTANT! We put on the wick after a day to avoid damage to the root system.
When does it bloom after the procedure?
The timing when the violet blooms after transplantation are different for all varieties. In the latter hybrids, where the shape and size of the flower are large, this time is longer. But, on average, it takes 2 months from transplanting to throwing out the buds .
Read about beautiful Pink African Violet Varieties.
Transplanting violets is not difficult, you just need to fulfill all the requirements for the transplanting method you are using. And then the plant will delight its mistress with lush flowering.