The rose is called the “queen” of flowers. It is a favorite planting of many flower growers because of its beautiful, fragrant, eye-pleasing flowering. A rose in bloom is capable of transforming any unremarkable place and therefore is successfully used in landscape design. The article describes which varieties of roses are winter-hardy, and also provides individual varieties for growing hard winter and frosty areas they are perfect indoor plants for lawn, garden, balcony.
Many of the wild species “winter” well in the middle lane. Low temperatures do not have a significant negative effect on these flowers. But cultivated plants are more capricious and do not have such resistance to frost. Therefore, breeders have bred new varieties of roses that are easy to care for and can easily endure even the most severe frosts.
There is a modern classification that divides all frost-resistant varieties of roses into 3 groups:
- absolutely winter-hardy flowers are also in an upright position in winter, firmly enduring the coldest temperatures and do not require special care;
- winter-hardy roses are also vertically arranged during wintering, however, during severe frosts, there is a tendency to freeze;
the average degree of stability does not require shelter during mild winters and freezes only to the level of snow, so they need to be folded.
The highest frost resistance is present in park roses: winter-hardy varieties are represented by William Shakespeare, Westerland, and others. They are ideal for growing in the central part of the country.
Artificially bred roses in the face of Canadian hybrids, which are capable of being at -45 degrees below zero without damage, can easily compete with them. They are also suitable for the northern regions.
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best varieties winter-hardy roses and frost-hardy
Almost all winter-hardy roses are easy to care for, hardy, and have long flowering. For this reason, they are recommended to grow and beginner rose growers. Below are the best varieties of frost-resistant roses.
The Fairy rose variety was bred in 1932. The very charm. Today it is considered the most popular all over the world precisely because of its simple care and constant, luxurious flowering with many small pink roses. One branch can have from 10 to 40 flowers. The branches are thin and graceful. There is the ability to self-purify.
Belongs to scrubs. Rose “Lilac Rain” staunchly survives winters even with practically no snow and with very low temperatures. It has beautiful buds of a pastel lilac shade. Terry petals. It blooms in two periods. An adult shrub grows up to 60 – 120 cm.
An ideal choice for a novice grower with no experience. Rose variety “Hydetraum” is a ground cover, does not require complex care, has a wonderful flowering and high immunity. The buds are colored deep pink, the structure of the petals is terry and there is a small speck of white on the surface.
Representative of the group “spray roses”. The shrub is decorated with buds of a sunny yellow hue. When in bloom, they form a real carpet of flowers. The Rose Sunny shrub can take up an entire 1 m2 for itself. Blooms for a long time and practically without interruption. The cluster inflorescences are formed by the collected buds of 12 pieces. Under bright sunlight, they tend to fade, acquiring a creamy color.
Quite often, the owners of garden plots acquire climbing varieties of frost-resistant roses. The stems are long, wriggling, and flexible. They can be positioned both vertically and at an angle using support and garters. Often, it is these roses that decorate arches, arbors, and are used to mask flaws in the structure (for example, they cover cracks on the walls of old houses, etc.).
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A plant with large flowers. Bred in the 70s of the last century. The rose variety “Rosarium Utersen” did not gain popularity immediately. Only at the beginning of the century, they began to actively cultivate it. The size of the buds is up to 15 cm in diameter. The palette is limited to “classic” pink. The crown is luxurious, with dense foliage. Suitable for the southern part of the garden area.
An adult shrub rose “Santana” grows up to 3 m. The buds are arranged either one at a time or in clusters. Diameter 12 cm. Bright bloom with saturated red flowers immediately attracts attention. The flowering period of this winter-hardy variety is long. For planting one specimen, a space of 50 x 50 cm is required. It is planted mainly in the southern territory in spring or autumn.
Another representative of yellow unusual roses. Flowers with double petals are incredibly fragrant. Golden Showers is the most frost-hardy rose of all loaches. Flowering lasts until the last autumn days. It blooms several times a year. The height of an adult plant reaches 2 m. It is undemanding to the composition of the soil. Has good immunity from diseases.
On a note! Climbing roses bloom throughout the summer season. They differ in color, the size of the buds. Terry is also present to varying degrees. Among the representatives of climbing roses, there are plants with small flowers and large ones.
Roses blooming throughout the summer begin to grow actively at the end of May. They can bloom in autumn. They are wrinkled, polyanthus and parka. Especially long flowering is typical for bush representatives.
Ballerina can be described in two words “persistent”, “blooming”. Blooms around mid-June and finishes blooming by November. It can withstand low temperatures, drought, heat, rain, and even shade. She has excellent immunity to all kinds of diseases and insect pests. For its merits, “Ballerina” received the title of the best scrub rose (among the classics).
Differs in large flowers, up to 15 cm. Many rose growers agree on a beautiful light peach color. Sometimes the flowers have a coral, more intense color. The height of the shrub is at the level of 3 m, not higher. Winter-hardy rose “Polka” perfectly withstands precipitation, bad weather, and, of course, winter.
Don Juan is an easy-to-care and unpretentious representative of the “non-covering rose varieties” group. Feels good also during showers and frosts. He does not need additional insulation, even in the most severe conditions. Also suitable for beginners in growing roses.
Winter-hardy roses blooming all summer long are a great option for any garden plot, both with and without shelter.
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Varieties of winter-hardy roses
As noted above, park roses, winter-hardy varieties are suitable for the winter-hardy region.
The following points should be taken into account:
- the variety must be resistant to climate change;
- high immunity will help resist pests and diseases.
Since more than six months in these climatic conditions, the daylight hours are short, preference should be given to varieties that do not require a lot of light daily.
A modern English species named after its creator – a famous breeder. The uniqueness lies in the color and shape of the buds. As it grows, the bud changes color from delicate to vibrant orange. There can be several different flowers on the shoot, which is also surprising. Up to 10 cm in diameter. They have a bowl-like shape. The variety is also distinguished by its rich glossy foliage color.
The shrub grows up to 1.50 m in height. However, the site is located quite compactly. Rose “Charles Austin” blooms in early March. In order for the variety to bloom again, pruning is done and fed. Another feature is the aroma similar to the scent of fruit.
Representative of wrinkled roses, medium height. Especially tall specimens grow up to 2 m. Flowers 8 cm in diameter. Exude a delicate, refined aroma. They are planted both separately and in compositions. Looks great anyway.
The buds of the rose “Albe” are white, and in the long and bright light of the sun they acquire a creamy shade. The difference lies in the foliage. Almond-shaped leaves with a smooth surface, rich green color. Blooms from mid-June, about a month.
One of the amazing varieties known to every gardener. Based on reviews and descriptions, it can grow all over the world, in any climate. In addition, it multiplies quickly, which may be important for some growers. The bright red color buds of the Flamentants variety stand out against the background of the lush green leaves. The stems are very long – up to 5 m. The inflorescence consists of 15 flowers. Hibernates without shelter. An open area protected from the wind is required.
Canadian ground cover winter-hardy roses were obtained by combining the rugosa rose and representatives of Cordes. The homeland of selection is Canada.
A touching plant with delicate petals, light pink color. The petals are semi-double. The brush contains up to 15 colors. It should be protected from direct sunlight so that the color does not fade. Every 6 years, rejuvenating pruning is required when the shoots are cut to the very root. According to gardeners, Queen Elizabeth rose is a rather unpretentious flower but does not like a too humid climate.
Of all Canadian roses, it has the strongest root and stem system. This allows the plant to grow freely up to 2 m in height. Flowers are small, up to 7 cm in diameter. Differs in persistent aroma and graceful shape.
Found in the Explorer collector’s item. It is a yellow rose with a lemon hue. There are no large brushes. But in the very center of the flowers there are bright red stamens, which are simply impossible not to notice. Terry petals. If the crown is not cut from time to time, it quickly overgrows. It blooms in waves. Among the disadvantages can be noted susceptibility to black spot in humid climates. “JP Connell” is considered winter-hardy, but, according to gardeners, it still needs shelter for the winter.
Refers to floribunda. It blooms luxuriously with many bright pink flowers. Flowers are flat and double. This variety smells pleasantly with the “classic” scent of the Rose family. Looks aristocratic. Rose “Leonardo da Vinci” is not exposed to powdery mildew, rust due to the development of resistance to pathogens.
On a note! Canadian roses can withstand temperatures as low as -40 degrees below zero.
Frost-resistant varieties of roses for Difficult climate
Difficult climate, not characterized by favorable conditions for gardening. There are not many warm days here, summers are short, and winters are long and frosty. Among the winter-hardy roses, the following varieties can be distinguished.
Represents the roses of Cordes. This is a relatively young species that quickly became in demand. Tall – up to 2 m in height. The bush of the “Westerland” rose variety is wide, about 1.5 m in diameter. Flowers of medium size up to 11 cm. They have a rich aroma. During the growth process, the color changes from bright to light. So, rich apricot shades become pale orange or even pink. This feature can be used for landscape design.
Leader among roses with red flowers. Lush shrub, medium-sized, up to 120 cm. The diameter of the rose “William Shakespeare 200” is about 1 m. New shoots bloom in a short time. The brushes are large and last more than 14 days. Terry petals, medium size, up to 10 cm. They have a floral aroma.
The height of an adult plant is from 120 cm to 150 cm. The flowers are amazing because they combine the shape inherent in old roses and an unusual, modern yellow-golden color. The flowers are very large: from 14 to 16 cm. The uniqueness of the variety “Golden Celebration” in the rapid growth and development of shoots and a spicy aroma.
Attention! in the heavy rainy season, the buds remain closed.
The listed varieties look great in single and group plantings.
Winter-hardy roses varieties are an excellent option for a garden plot located in areas with a temperate and also more severe climate. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, rose growers around the world can now grow these beautiful flowers.