In the wild, there are about 30 thousand orchid colors. There are red, white, light pink, yellow, maroon flowers. At home, you can try to grow hybrids of absolutely fantastic color combinations. Different varieties of orchid have different colores.
Do orchid change color?
Some plant varieties have blue, pink, purple buds with a spotted or monochromatic white lip.
An orchid by itself cannot change color. The blue and black representatives of orchids are most likely the result of bred plant varieties in laboratory conditions or special tinting of petals. Sometimes the shade or amount of blotches can change with repeated blooming. Also, too excessive or, conversely, insufficient lighting can affect the color of the buds.
red shades orchid
Orchids of red colors look spectacular. They often have a lighter center or lip, and the petals do not always have a uniform color:
- Howeara Lava Burst is a hybrid of the oncidium group, has small flowers that resemble a panicle from a distance.
- Cattleya New Town (Cattleya Chia Lin New City) is beautiful for its twisted, as if in curls, red petals and white core.
- Ascocenda Bicentennial (Ascocenda Bicentennial) is famous for the fact that dark streaks and specks are noticeable on its rounded petals of a red background.
The petals have different shades: from pale pink to bright lilac. Phalaenopsis is the most common orchid group of this color.
- Cymbidium pink (Cymbidium rose special) has a large inflorescence with broad petals.
- Phalaenopsis pink (Phalaenopsis Rosea) – the stem can be up to 30 cm. It is pink in color with thin white stripes.
- Cattleya Miyuki Little King is a small specimen with a deep purple-pink color.
For varieties with a pink tinge and include:
Phalaenopsis Liodoro (Phalaenopsis Sweet Memory Liodoro), Phalaenopsis Chengdu (Phalaenopsis Chengdu), Dendrobium Berry Oda (Dendrobium Berry Oda), Phalaenopsis Schiller (Phalaenopsis schilleriana), Phalaenopsis Legato (Phalaenopsis Legato).
Among the representatives of the orchid family, yellow colors are found quite often. Read more Types of yellow orchids.
The brightest representatives:
- Dendrobium nobile yellow (Dendrobium nobile yellow) – is a tree-like flower that has a lot of yellow inflorescences.
- Oncidium Sweet Sugar (Oncidium Sweet Sugar) – unpretentious, pleases with many small yellow flowers.
- Phalaenopsis Anthura Gold (Phalaenopsis Multifloratypes Anthura Gold). These yellows have a contrasting lip color. It can be red, white, purple, spotted, speckled.
- Cattleya Potinara Burana Beauty looks like a clown in a sun cap with wide red stripes on the flower petals.
- Phalaenopsis Parrot (Phalaenopsis Papagayo) also has a bright yellow color , which has a bright red lip and the same stains along the edges of the petals.
Among the purple orchids are the following:
- Dendrobium Queen Victoria’s (Dendrobium Queen Victoria’s) This orchid can be found in nature, where it lives, attaching to the tree. Each of its stems is formed from four flowers (from 8 cm in diameter) of deep purple color. She has dense leaves in the form of a stretched ellipse.
- Phalaenopsis equestris (Phalaenopsis equestris) is a mini orchid that blooms all year round. The flower stalk itself is of an unusual purple color, up to 30 cm in height.
- Vanda black-purple (Vanda Robert’s Delight Black Purple Beauty). In this type of orchid, the rhizome resembles a beard. The stem is cylindrical with dense foliage.
- In the herbaceous plant Bletilla (Bletilla striata), the foliage is green with variegation, and the flowers themselves are holly, with a pink-purple color.
Pure white orchids, when the lip and petals are painted in the same color, is rare. Usually, flowers with a contrasting lip or spots on the petals, as well as with a slightly noticeable pink or beige tint, are equated with white orchids.
- Dendrobium white-purple (Dendrobium albosanguineum) has a purple center, and beautiful dendrobium formosum (Dendrobium formosum) is yellow.
- Phalaenopsis adorable (Phalaenopsis amabilis). Its peculiarity is large snow-white flowers (6-10 cm in diameter).
- Cattleya schroederae, Cattleya warneri var. Alba These species captivate the eye with white, butterfly-like flowers with a yellow center.
Some species of Cattleya have a different lilac color. Here are some of its representatives:
Lipped (Cattleya labiata), Triana (Cattleya trianae), Bowring (Cattleya bowringiana), Ekland (Cattleya acklandiae), and others.
As a rule, blue and blue orchids are the product of the creation of breeders. But there are types of orchids with natural blue, purple or pale lilac color:
- Vanda blue (Vanda coerulea) is a small orchid with small flowers (diameter – 4 cm). Purple-blue markings are visible on the lip of the flower.
- Vanda Rothschildiana is an instance of a delicate blue color, the petals of which are strewn with a fine mesh.
- Phalaenopsis Aphrodite Royal Blue (Phalaenopsis Aphrodite Royal Blue), the world’s only natural blue flower, which, unlike its “tinted” counterparts, does not change color after the first flowering.
Check out guide Do natural blue orchids Exit.
Tiger, spotted, leopard and differently speckled Orchid
- Spotted odontoglossum (Odontoglossum blandum) reaches a height of no more than 10-50 cm. The flowers are like stars. Dark brown spots are painted on light inflorescences.
- Phalaenopsis Gold Rush (Phalaenopsis Gold Rush) is low (60 cm), of an unusual color: there are many dark veins on a pale pink background, and the lip of the flower is yellow-orange and speckled with stripes, streaks, spots.
- Zygopetalum (Zygopetalum) – a rare genus of orchids unites 15 varieties, the name means “connecting sepals”. On the dark, almost green background of the petals, brown spots stand out clearly, and the lip of the flower resembles an open fan.
- Grammatophyllum (Grammatophyllum speciosum) is a giant wild orchid with flowers the size of a soup plate (up to 15 cm in diameter). Moreover, its inflorescence is approximately 3 meters.
By the multi-colored orchids, Phalaenopsis varieties include:
Frontera (Phalaenopsis Anthura Frontera), Ravello (Phalaenopsis Anthura Ravello), Manhattan (Phalaenopsis Manhatten), Cleopatra (Phalaenopsis Cleopatra), Wild Cat (Phalenopsis Lioulin Wild Cat), Charmer (Phalaenopsis Charmer).
There are many amazing flowers in nature, bright representatives: orange orchids.
These are Cattleya Potinara Shinfong Little Sun Yong Min Golden Boy and Cattleya Young Min Orange Golden Satisfaction. Big beautiful velvet lip the same color as the petals.
Ascocenda orange (Ascocenda Orange) refers to hybrid plants with large bright orange inflorescences (8 cm in diameter). Moreover, the latter are collected in a brush, and the rhizome and leaves are bright green.
Another representative: Brassada (Brassada Orange Delight) is a hybrid in which from 6 to 8 flowers are formed on the stem, having sharp elongated yellow-orange petals up to 9 cm long.
In nature, black pigment is not found in orchids, but there are colors similar to black orchid: burgundy or purple:
- Maxillaria (Maxillaria Schunkeana) is found in the mountain forests of Brazil and only appears black in low light. In fact, its color is dark purple. In shape, the beauty resembles a tulip.
- Paphiopedilum (Paphiopedilum Pisgah Midnight) looks like an elegant shoe with dark veins on burgundy petals.
Burgundy or crimson Orchid
In the family of orchids, the color of the petals ranges from burgundy to maroon, and small white specks are noticeable along the edges. A striking representative: Phalaenopsis Kimono , which produces buds of a dense raspberry color with many veins.
It is not always obvious that if the name of a flower says “gold” or Gold, its color is similar to a gold bar. Most often, these orchids have a shade of ocher, yellow or light brown:
- Paphiopedilum Gold Kinabalu (Paphiopedilum rothschildianum) grows in Malaysia and gives birth to flowers only at the age of 16. She usually has 6 large yellow-green inflorescences (diameter 12.5 cm).
- Phalaenopsis Golden Beauty. In its natural environment, it grows on trees, stumps, rocks. The height of the peduncle is about 60 cm. It has up to 40 cm long leaves, dense structure. The flowers are bright yellow with purple veins and a curly medium-sized lip.
- Phalaenopsis Golden Apple (Phalaenopsis Golden Apple) is distinguished by the predominance of yellow shades of flowers and bright buds with a rich burgundy-yellow lip.
Green, lemon or lime color Orchid
- Fragrant lycast (Lycaste aromatica) has lemon-colored flowers. Its center resembles a yellow light, framed by three petals.
- Phalaenopsis Yara Bright is a plant with large pistachio petals and a yellow lip.
- Dendrobium Anna Green is a beautiful specimen with large yellow-green flowers and a dark lilac tongue.
- Cypripedium or lady’s slipper (Cypripedium calceolus) delights the eye with white-green and lemon flowers.
Rare coral or peach color Orchid
A delicate peach color is found in phalaenopsis:
- Phalaenopsis Leco Fantastic boasts two peduncles. On the peach background of the petals, specks are noticeable, the lip is also spotted, pink-yellow.
- Phalaenopsis Bronze Maiden. It has five peach-colored petals that resemble the blades of an oar. A beautiful white lip with red blotches. The middle of the flower is orange-yellow.
- Surf Song Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis Surf Song) orange-peach shades. It has 1 or 2 branches 60–80 cm high, on which large (6–8 cm in diameter) flowers bloom. White-pink center with peach-colored lip.
- Phalaenopsis Narbonne (Phalaenopsis Anthura Narbonne) also attracts an unusual coral coloration.
Care for colored orchids
- Lighting. Scattered sunlight is required (10-15 hours a day). In the cold season, it is better to place it under fluorescent lamps.
- Temperature and humidity. The daytime temperature can be 25-30 degrees during the day, and 18-20 at night with an indoor air humidity of 50-80%.
- Priming. The flower loves loose soil that absorbs moisture well, which consists of the bark of old trees, drainage in the form of pebbles.
- Watering. It is advisable to water the culture with settled water from the edge of the pot and leave it to saturate the substrate for 10-15 minutes.
- Reproduction. As a rule, at home, the orchid is transplanted by children.
As a result of artificial painting, the shades of the flower often change. To prevent this from happening when buying, it is important to inspect the orchid for any injection marks. It is also important to note that as a result of a lack of light and nutrients, the color of the petals may become slightly lighter or, conversely, darker.