Houseplants are pleasing to the eye at any time of the year. Bright, blooming or simply having unusual colorful foliage, they bring a lot of positive emotions to their owners. In order to enjoy developed and healthy flowers, it is essential to provide them with proper care and optimal nutrition. It is necessary to periodically feed both fastidious exotics and home flowers familiar to everyone.
When do you need to feed indoor flowers?
Some experts believe that feeding can be replaced by regularly changing the substrate. They hope in this way to provide the plant with sufficient nutrients. Especially often simple unpretentious flowers “suffer” from this delusion.
Fresh soil is really rich in nutrients that can nourish the plant. However, indoor flowers quickly drain the soil during active growth and flowering. The nutrients in fresh soil will last for a maximum of 2-3 months. The exact time depends on the size of the pot, the volume of the substrate and the size of the plant.
Signs of a nutrient deficiency include:
- elongated branches with sparse and small foliage;
- pale leaf color;
- slowdown or complete cessation of growth;
- the appearance of pale or white spots on the leaves;
- falling foliage;
- lack of flowering.
It is best to fertilize the soil every 2-3 months, without waiting for the appearance of external signs of lack of nutrition. Especially the plant needs feeding during the growing season (spring-summer). The exception is winter, when the flower enters the resting phase.
Here is our guide on Best Flowers For Small Indoor Pots.
Why water in the fall?
Autumn feeding should be taken seriously. It is necessary to determine which specimens need additional recharge, and which ones during this period it is categorically contraindicated.
Flowers, passing into a dormant phase in winter, significantly slow down natural metabolic processes and need a minimum amount of additional fertilizers. It is recommended to feed them at the very beginning of autumn in order to provide an opportunity to stock up on nutrients for the whole winter. Such plants are easily identified by their characteristic features.
Typically these types include:
- large plants;
- dropping foliage.
Plants, which are characterized by flowering in the cold season, on the contrary, need intensive nutrition, as they accumulate energy. In this case, feeding should be carried out if the flowers are provided with additional illumination during the period of a short daylight hours.
Reference! For specimens that enter the resting phase or are not provided with the proper level of light, fertilizing in the fall is fraught with an oversupply and root burn.
How to feed orchid in winter?
In winter, plants should not be heavily fed. It is best to keep the amount of dressing to a minimum or to refuse them altogether. If the flower still needs additional nutrition, less concentrated solutions are made.
Fertilizers should be applied only in exceptional cases:
- when signs of nutritional deficiencies appear;
- during active flowering;
- after buying a new plant with signs of “starvation”.
Reference! Some fertilizers are intended to be applied to the aerial part. In winter, it is them that are more productive to use.
which fertilizer makes plants grow faster
Florists often abandon synthetic industrial fertilizers in favor of dressings made independently according to folk recipes. Such fertilizers, with the right approach to preparation and application, can become a full-fledged replacement for store-bought preparations.
For the preparation of nutrient fluids, you can use:
- vegetables and fruits;
- dairy products;
- waste coffee and tea.
Milk serum as fertilizer
Whey contains lactic acid, which has a beneficial effect on plants. Fertilizer can be applied either by pouring it into the soil or by spraying the leaves. Before use, the serum must be diluted with water at the rate of 1 part of the serum to 3 parts of water. When using whey, it is important to remember that it acidifies the soil. If the plant does not accept acidic soil, it is better to refuse such fertilizer or use it in conjunction with substances that reduce acidity.
Reference! After watering, the soil acquires a characteristic smell for a long time.
The serum not only helps to provide the flower with nutrients but also increases the plant’s resistance to the following diseases:
- powdery mildew;
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watering with beer as fertilizer
Watering with beer promotes the accelerated development of the root system, increases resistance to negative factors and stimulates the flowering of domestic plants. However, this does not mean that any kind of foamy drink will do. Modern beer sold in bottles and cans contains too many stabilizers, preservatives and other chemical elements. They are capable of causing irreparable harm to the flower.
Only light “live” beer sold on tap is used for feeding. It can be distinguished by its shelf life. Unlike a bottled drink, a live drink is stored for only a few days. Beer is diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10, respectively.
Be very careful when using beer. The drink can provoke unpleasant consequences and even lead to the death of the flower. The structure of the nutrients contained in beer is quite complex, and it is difficult for plants to quickly assimilate them. This can provoke the development of microorganisms that are harmful to the flower.
As a result of watering with beer, the following may appear:
- unpleasant smell of soil;
- soil compaction;
- the development of harmful fungi;
- the appearance of black mold.
Coffee grounds and tea leaves
They are a good supplier of nutrients. The rests after brewing are mixed with the substrate. Thanks to tea leaves and coffee grounds, the earth acquires the following qualities:
- becomes more acidic;
- acquires a loose structure;
- improves air permeability;
- saturated with oxygen.
Attention! Often, when using these dressings, midges start up.
Sugar as fertilizer
Sugar provides plants with glucose, which is used as an energy source and building material to create new cells. The product can be used as a dry dressing or as a watering solution. Dry sugar is poured onto the ground before watering. Sweet cocktail (1 tbsp. Spoon for 0.5 l of water) water the plant once a month.
Sugar is most useful for the following types of indoor flowers:
Attention! Glucose is absorbed by flowers if the soil is saturated with carbon dioxide. Lack of this ingredient can lead to mold and root rot. Any microbiological preparations should be added to the soil together with sugar. The bacteria contained in them provoke the decomposition of organic matter, in which carbon dioxide is released.
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Onion husk tincture is saturated with useful substances and microelements. The use of such feeding increases immunity, stimulates flower development, the formation of new shoots, and strengthens the roots. Niacin, which is part of the husk, compensates for the lack of lighting.
The tincture preparation method is quite simple:
- Collect dry onion skins.
- Pour boiling water over.
- Boil for 5-7 minutes.
- Insist 12-20 hours.
- Sprinkle the ground around the flower.
Phytoncides concentrated in the husk destroy the pathogenic fungi and bacteria present in the substrate. For preventive purposes, it is recommended to periodically process the soil with an infusion of husks.
Reference! Only freshly prepared onion broth should be used. With long-term storage, it loses its useful qualities and becomes rotten.
Decoctions of citrus fruits contribute to the accelerated growth of plants. In addition, they increase the immunity of the flower, its ability to resist negative effects. Citrus dressing is used for plants that prefer an acidic environment. These include blue hydrangea, azalea, ripsalis.
For fertilization, you only need zest:
To obtain a nutritious broth, you need to pour boiling water over the cleaning and leave for 24 hours. Then the liquid is drained, diluted with water (1:10). During the dormant period (autumn-winter), citrus dressing is used once every 1-2 months. In spring and summer, the frequency of feeding is increased up to 2-3 times a month.
Attention! To increase the shelf life, the surface of citrus fruits is often treated with substances of the dust group, which are a strong carcinogen. For further use, before removing from the fruit, the skin is well washed in hot water.
Yeast as fertilizer makes plants grow faster
Indispensable for plant nutrition. In addition to a huge variety of nutrients, they contain hormones that stimulate the rapid growth of shoots. Yeast feeding promotes the recovery and flowering of even a frail, poorly developed specimen.
To prepare the composition you will need:
- 10 g yeast;
- 1 liter of water;
- 1 teaspoon sugar.
Yeast is thoroughly ground with sugar and diluted in cold water. The resulting solution is applied under the root in small portions or, diluted with water (1: 5), used for irrigation.
In addition to stimulating growth, feeding with yeast provides:
- saturation with vitamins;
- improvement of regenerative processes;
- accelerated cell division.
Reference! Yeast feeding stimulates the vital activity of microorganisms in the soil. As a result, the content of carbon dioxide and trace elements increases, which has a beneficial effect on the development of the root system.
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Banana fertilizer for plants growing
Banana dressing is especially popular with rosaceae lovers, as it often provokes flowering. Banana peels are rich in the following elements:
You can bury small banana peel slices in the ground. Such bait stimulates a sharp growth of the ground part, in a short time the number of leaves increases. After a maximum of 10 days, the peel is completely eaten by bacteria, the waste products of which are useful for the development of roots. But this method is not suitable for all types of indoor plants.
You can dry the peel in the sun or in the oven. Grind hard plates in a blender or mortar. The resulting powder is sprinkled on the surface of the substrate before watering. When transplanting a flower, dry peel can be placed on the bottom of the pot on top of the drain.
To prepare the infusion, 2 banana skins are poured with 3 liters of water and kept for 2 days. Before watering, dilute in water in equal parts. Apply once a month.
Attention! Freshly harvested bananas are cleaned of milky juice by soaking in ammonium and chlorine sulfate. For ripening, green fruits are treated with ethylene. Before use, the skin is thoroughly washed in hot water.
Aloe as plants feed
Aloe juice is essential for the overall improvement of the flower’s condition. It not only activates all internal processes. The regenerating properties of aloe help to heal the most common diseases (in the early stages).
To prepare a nutritional composition, you must:
- Take an aloe leaf over five years old.
- Squeeze out the resulting juice.
- Mix with water at the rate of: 1 tablespoon of juice per liter of liquid.
- Pour in small batches to the root.
Reference! To get more juice, the aloe leaf can be previously held in the freezer or dried for 1-2 days.
Feeding Indoor plants with Ash
Ash is considered to be one of the most effective organic fertilizers. It can be simply mixed with earth in the proportion of 2 tbsp. spoons per 1 kg of soil. The infusion is obtained by dissolving 3 tbsp. tablespoons of ash in 1 liter of water. The solution is kept for 7 days, shaking occasionally. Fertilize once a month, 100 ml per 1 liter of pot volume.
Thanks to this fertilization, the soil is saturated:
Ash is obtained by burning grass, straw, branches, leaves of coniferous and deciduous trees. If the resulting product is red, then it is oversaturated with iron. Such ash is not used for feeding.
Eggshell For indoor plants
Indispensable for increasing the flower’s resistance to external factors. Plants fertilized with eggshells are less susceptible to diseases and pests, and the leaves are more resistant to damage.
The shell can be used as a dry fertilizer by grinding it into powder. However, it is more efficient to prepare the infusion. For this you will need:
- Dry the eggshells.
- Grind it with a blender.
- To fill with water.
- Insist for 2-3 days.
What is the best medicine for plant growth?
Some fertilizers can be prepared using pharmacy products that are readily available at your regular pharmacy. These drugs are not expensive, but they show high efficiency as a top dressing. In addition, these medicines help plants to successfully resist infections and fungal diseases.
For the manufacture of fertilizers are used:
- potassium permanganate;
Potassium permanganate is used to protect the plant from diseases or get rid of unpleasant infections in the early stages. The ability of potassium permanganate to disinfect the soil without damaging the plant itself is simply unique.
It is used:
- for the prevention of fungal infections;
- for disinfection of roots during transplantation;
- for pest control.
When transplanting a flower in a pink solution, the roots are soaked for several hours. Insects that have appeared on the leaves of the flower, it is enough to wash off with a small amount of manganese solution. They also watered the ground to prevent the development of root rot..
Reference! Potassium permanganate is a supplier of magnesium and potassium, which are often signaled by pale, twisted leaves with dry tips.
Provides lush flowering of indoor plants. It is used during the period of bud formation. If the specimen is constantly blooming, it is better to feed it with castor oil once a month.
To fertilize a flower, you need:
- Add a teaspoon of oil to 1 liter of settled water.
- Shake vigorously for 10-15 minutes, until the oil breaks into tiny particles.
- Quickly water the soil in the pot until the oil has risen.
Important! It is unacceptable to use pure oil. It will burn and damage the root system.
Aspirin improves the immunity of flowers by spraying the aerial part. To prepare the composition you need:
- Grind an aspirin tablet into powder.
- Dissolve in water so that no small undissolved particles remain.
- Spray the leaves and stems of the flower.
Reference! Spraying should be carried out in the evening so that sunburn does not form at the place of accumulation of moisture.
This vitamin improves the circulation of the sap in the leaves. Due to this, the growth rate of flowers increases, their general condition improves. Applied independently and in combination with home or industrial fertilizers.
Vitamin cocktail (1 ampoule per 1 liter of water) can be used for:
- spraying greens;
- watering the soil;
The vitamin is water-soluble, which makes it much easier to dilute in water. The only limitation is its ability to decompose when heated. To prevent this, B12 is dissolved in cool or lukewarm water.
Benefits of Castor Oil
The oil contains a large amount of vitamin E, has the ability to saturate the plant with collagen and stimulate growth. This product enriches the soil with several acids:
To prepare the fertilizer, 1 teaspoon of castor oil is diluted with 1 liter of water. Shake well before watering.
This is one of the most effective and inexpensive fertilizers that can saturate the soil with nitrogen. In this case, the element is served in such a form in which it is easiest for the flower to absorb it.
The need to add ammonia is indicated by:
- loss of color on old leaves;
- the appearance of orange dots on young growth;
- dying off of young leaves;
- lack of flowering.
Also, ammonia is used to combat midges, which often appear on flowers. The pungent smell quickly scares away insects. For fertilization, a solution is prepared from 1 liter of water and a tablespoon of ammonia. The resulting composition is poured over the soil.
After treatment with iodine solutions, indoor flowers begin to grow more actively, the frequency and abundance of flowering increase. With the help of iodine, you can save your home greenhouse from diseases, significantly improve pest resistance.
The iodine solution is treated:
Reference! Iodine is diluted in water at the rate of 0.01 mg per 1 liter of liquid. Exceeding the norm turns the solution into a poison that destroys the flower.
An excellent agent for fertilizing and disinfecting indoor flowers. Thanks to the use of the drug, a number of problems can be solved:
- destroy bacteria that prevent growth and flowering;
- accelerate the formation of colors;
- prevent rotting of the root system.
Peroxide is used only as an independent agent. Combining it with other dressings leads to oversaturation with fertilizers. To prepare top dressing, mix 2 tbsp. tablespoons of peroxide with 1 liter of water.
Urea as indoor plants fertilizer for fast growth
Urea is an old, time-tested preparation for feeding flowers. It is universal and has a completely democratic price. It is produced in the form of white or yellowish granules.
Used for the following purposes:
- spraying (for pest control);
- as a dry fertilizer (growth stimulant);
- as a liquid for irrigation (saturation with useful elements).
Due to its nitrogen content, it is actively used as a growth stimulant. But few people know that urea can be used for pest control.
With its help, they destroy:
- purple spotting;
How to dilute?
Urea can be used dry by adding 2-3 granules directly to the soil. However, its use as an irrigation fluid is considered more common. When diluting the drug, the proportions should be strictly observed. Violation of the ratio can lead to too rapid growth, depletion and death of the flower.
For indoor plants, dilute 5-10 g of the drug in 1 liter of water. This solution can be sprayed on plant leaves or used for root dressing.
Application features include:
- strict adherence to proportions;
- use in spring during the release of flowers from a dormant state;
- treatment of the aerial part from parasites.
Basic rules for flower dressing
Taking care of indoor flowers, you should strictly follow the rules for introducing nutrients so that good intentions do not lead to a deterioration in the condition of the plant. Each feeding should be perceived not as stimulation of growth and flowering, but as the introduction of vital elements. In this case, it is possible to achieve the correct development and formation of the decorative qualities of the flower.
To grow beautiful and healthy plants, you must follow the basic rules:
- take into account individual characteristics and recommendations for each copy;
- follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions;
- follow the feeding schedule;
- choose the right time of day and season for fertilizing;
- do not use concentrated liquid and dry preparations;
- apply fertilizer only to moistened soil;
- 30 minutes after spraying the foliage with fertilizer, re-treat it with clean water;
- do not mix different drugs;
- do not feed recently transplanted flowers;
- do not fertilize diseased specimens.
How to soften water for irrigation?
It is unacceptable to use ordinary tap water for watering a home greenhouse. Typically, this water is too hard and can damage the flower.
To soften the watering fluid, use the following methods:
- settling for 2-3 days;
- use of melt or rainwater;
- the use of industrial preparations for softening;
- adding peat or wood ash;
- applying liquid from an aquarium with fish.
With the right approach to feeding home flowers, it is not difficult to grow an unusual and beautiful collection of plants. You can use industrial complex fertilizers, but it is better to use homemade formulations. A healthy plant not only pleases the eye, but also improves the microclimate in the apartment, contributes to the enrichment of the air with oxygen.